Learning Centre

What are Amino Acids?

Protein is a macronutrient composed of amino acid chains joined together by peptide bonds.

Protein is an essential nutrient for the healthy growth and development of the body. It plays a central role in the ongoing cycle of cell breakdown and cell replacement, triggered by daily wear-and-tear, disease or exercise.

Every organ or metabolic system in the body relies on healthy dietary protein intake to maintain optimal functionality, from the larger systems like the bones, brain, gut, and muscles, down to the hormones and enzymes that keep the body alive and in balance.

There are 20 known amino acids and these provide the main source of nitrogen to living organisms. For the most part, the body can change one type of amino acid into another when it begins to run short of a particular type of amino acid.

But there are 9 amino acids that are considered essential amino acids to humans because we cannot manufacture them from other amino acids already present in the body. They must, therefore, be sourced through our diet.

Six amino acids are considered conditionally essential amino acids because their synthesis can be limited under conditions of illness. The responsibility for topping up the levels of these amino acids during illness lies with the diet.

Phyto Pro Pea Protein Isolate is a complete protein and a good source of all 9 essential amino acids, as well as 5 conditionally essential and 4 non-essential amino acids, with especially high levels of arginine, glutamic acid, lysine and branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs). BCAAs consist of the amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine.